Title The concept of the Pleistocene periglacial cover beds in central Europe; a review
Author Semmel, A.; Terhorst, B.
Author Affil Semmel, A., University of Würzburg, Institute of Geography, Wurzburg, Germany. Other: Universität Würzburg, Germany; CAU Kiel, Ecology Centre, Germany; Theodor-Körnerstrasse 6, Germany
Source Quaternary landscape evolution and morphodynamics of terrestrial ecosystems, edited by B. Damm, B. Terhorst and H. Bork. Quaternary International, 222(1-2), p.120- 128, . Publisher: Elsevier, Oxford, United Kingdom. ISSN: 1040-6182
Publication Date Aug. 1, 2010
Notes In English. 62 refs. GeoRef Acc. No: 309743
Index Terms bedrock; glacial geology; grain size; loess; soil formation; Pleistocene; Quaternary deposits; sediments; soils; solifluction; Europe--Central Europe; Cenozoic; Central Europe; clastic sediments; cover beds; Europe; pedogenesis; periglacial features; Quaternary
Abstract In low mountain areas of central Europe, Pleistocene periglacial conditions and relevant processes have led to the formation of cover beds. In general, Holocene soils are not developed in bedrock, but they have formed in periglacial cover beds. Their occurrence and characteristics control the spatial distribution of soils, and thus periglacial sediments are a useful tool for soil mapping and soil survey. The concept of periglacial cover beds distinguishes four main layers: topmost, upper, middle and basal periglacial cover bed. The upper and middle layers contain loess, whereas the basal one consists entirely of bedrock. The loess content causes an increase of site-specific soil ecological quality in comparison to soils formed directly on bedrock. The occurrence and characteristics of the cover beds is reviewed, summarizing the present state-of-the-art.
URL http://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.quaint.2010.03.010
Publication Type journal article
Record ID 65006368