Title Lichen growth rates on glacier forelands in Southern Norway; preliminary results from a 25-year monitoring programme
Author Trenbirth, H.E.; Matthews, J.A.
Author Affil Trenbirth, H.E., Swansea University, Department of Geography, Swansea, United Kingdom
Source Lichenometry in subpolar environments, edited by T. Bradwell. Geografiska Annaler. Series A: Physical Geography, 92(1), p.19-39, . Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell published on behalf of Svenska Saellskapet foer Antropologi och Geografi, Stockholm, Sweden. ISSN: 0435-3676
Publication Date Mar. 2010
Notes In English. 71 refs. GeoRef Acc. No: 310340
Index Terms precipitation (meteorology); geochronology; glaciers; glacier alimentation; growth; lichens; models; temperature; Norway--Southern Norway; annual variations; atmospheric precipitation; calibration; climate effects; Europe; field studies; glacial environment; growth rates; lichenometry; methods; monitoring; Norway; relative age; Scandinavia; Southern Norway; spatial variations; Western Europe
Abstract A unique 25-year lichen growth monitoring programme involving 2,795 individuals of the Rhizocarpon subgenus at 47 sites on 18 glacier forelands in the Jotunheimen- Jostedalsbreen regions of southern Norway is reported. The data are used to address fundamental questions relating to direct lichenometry: spatial and temporal variability in lichen growth rates, climatic effects on lichen growth rates, lichen growth models, and implications for lichenometric dating. Mean annual (diametral) growth rate ranged from 0.43 to 0.87 mm yr-1 between sites, which is attributed primarily to local habitat differences. Interannual variability in annual mean growth rate exceeded 1.0 mm yr- 1 at some sites. Annual mean growth rates for all sites combined varied from 0.52 to 0.81 mm yr-1 and was positively correlated with annual mean temperature and winter mean temperature (both r = 0.64, p 0.005) but not with summer seasonal temperature: positive correlations with annual and winter precipitation were less strong and the correlation with summer precipitation was marginally significant (r = 0.41 p 0.10). Growth-rate models characterized by annual growth rates that remain approximately constant or increase with lichen size up to at least 120 mm tended to fit the data more closely than a parabolic model. This is tentatively attributed to a long 'linear/mature' phase in the growth cycle. Comparison with growth rates inferred from indirect lichenometry suggest that such high measured growth rates could not have been maintained over the last few centuries by the largest lichens used in southern Norway for lichenometric dating. Several hypotheses, such as the effects of competition and climate change, which might explain this paradox, are discussed. Abstract Copyright (2010), Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography.
URL http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/j.1468-0459.2010.00375.x
Publication Type journal article
Record ID 65007230