Title Snow avalanche hazards in the Fagaras Massif (southern Carpathians); Romanian Carpathians; management and perspectives
Author Voiculescu, M.
Author Affil Voiculescu, M., University of Timisoara, Department of Geography, Timisoara, Romania. Other: Ion Mincu University of Architecture and Urban Planning, Romania
Source Natural hazards' impact on urban areas and infrastucture, H. Kreibich and M. Bostenaru Dan. Natural Hazards, 51(3), p.459- 475, . Publisher: Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands. ISSN: 0921-030X
Publication Date Dec. 2009
Notes In English. 62 refs. GeoRef Acc. No: 310476
Index Terms avalanches; mass movements (geology); snow; Carpathians; Romania--Transylvanian Alps; Europe; Fagaras Massif; geologic hazards; glacial features; mass movements; monitoring; natural hazards; relief; risk assessment; risk management; Romania; snow avalanches; Southern Europe; Transylvanian Alps
Abstract Snow avalanches represent an undeniable reality in the Southern Carpathians both as a geomorphic process and as a type of hazard. Before the 1990s, few researchers focused on avalanches in Romania. However, after 1990, avalanches became an increasingly important topic of Romanian research including research on their management implications. This study focuses on the Fagaras massif, a representative mountain unit in the Southern Carpathians that is dominant due to its glacial and periglacial relief, high altitudes and high occurrence of avalanche hazards. Three main research issues are considered. First, types of avalanches are delineated along with affected areas of the Balea glacial valley (on the northern slope) and the Capra glacial valley (on the southern slope) using data from a research centre for snow and avalanche monitoring that was created in the Balea glacial cirque in 2003. Second, the impact of avalanches on human activities is considered including transportation use of the Transfagarasan Highway that traverses the highest elevations in Romania and winter recreation activities such as skiing, snowboarding, climbing and hiking. The impacts on forests are also considered. Third, the needs and gaps of avalanche management are considered, specifically in the Fagaras massif and also more generally in the mountains of Romania. Copyright 2008 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
URL http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11069-008-9281-z
Publication Type journal article
Record ID 65007123