Title Triaxial compression deformation for artificial frozen clay with thermal gradient
Author Zhao Xiaodong; Zhou Guoqing; Chen Guozhou; Shang Xiangyu; Zhao Guangsi
Author Affil Zhao Xiaodong, China University of Mining and Technology, State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, Jiangsu, China
Source Cold Regions Science and Technology, 67(3), p.171-177, . Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0165- 232X
Publication Date July 2011
Notes In English. Based on Publisher- supplied data GeoRef Acc. No: 309687
Index Terms clays; freezing; melting; pressure; sediments; shear strain; strains; stresses; synthetic materials; temperature; thermal properties; clastic sediments; clay; compression; shear; strain; stress; triaxial tests
Abstract In order to study the deformation characteristics of artificial frozen soil with thermal gradient, such as the stress- strain relationship, a series of triaxial compression tests for frozen clay had been conducted by K0DCGF (K0 consolidation, freezing with non-uniform temperature under loading) method and GFC (freezing with non- uniform temperature, isotropic consolidation) method at various consolidation pressures and thermal gradients. Stress-strain curves in K0DCGF test present strain softening during shearing process and the elastic strain is approximately 0.001;but which present the strain hardening characteristics in GFC tests and the elastic strain is approximately 0.01. The elastic modulus and peak stress for frozen clay decrease as the thermal gradient increased at different consolidation pressure both in K0DCGF test and GFC test. The peak stress and elastic modulus in K0DCGF test are significant independent on the pressure melting and crushing phenomena occurring in GFC test. To describe the shear deformation characteristics for frozen clay with thermal gradient, the exponent and power equations considering the correction equation on thermal gradient and model parameters from frozen clay with uniform temperature are developed. The results indicated that the proposed equations can reproduce the shear deformation well both in K0DCGF test and GFC test.
URL http://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.coldregions.2011.02.009
Publication Type journal article
Record ID 65006411