Title Impact of local human activities on the Antarctic environment
Author Tin, T.; Fleming, Z.L.; Hughes, K.A.; Ainley, D.G.; Convey, P.; Moreno, C.A.; Pfeiffer, S.; Scott, J.; Snape, I.
Author Affil Tin, T., Antarctic Southern Ocean Coalition, Olivet, France. Other: University of Leicester, United Kingdom; British Antarctic Survey, United Kingdom; H. T. Harvey and Associates; Universidad Austral de Chile, Chile; University of Jena, Federal Republic of Germany; University of Tasmania, Australia; Australian Antarctic Division, Australia
Source Antarctic Science, 21(1), p.3-33, . Publisher: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISSN: 0954- 1020
Publication Date Feb. 2009
Notes In English. NSF Grant OPP-0440463. 285 refs. Ant. Acc. No: 86006. CRREL Acc. No: 63004036
Index Terms animals; ecology; ecosystems; human activity; international cooperation; pollution; sewage; Antarctica; Southern Ocean; Antarctic Treaty; biota; conservation; environmental management; International Polar Year 2007-08; IPY 2007-08 Research Publications; mitigation; remediation; risk assessment; tourism; waste management
Abstract We review the scientific literature, especially from the past decade, on the impacts of human activities on the Antarctic environment. A range of impacts has been identified at a variety of spatial and temporal scales. Chemical contamination and sewage disposal on the continent have been found to be long-lived. Contemporary sewage management practices at many coastal stations are insufficient to prevent local contamination but no introduction of non- indigenous organisms through this route has yet been demonstrated. Human activities, particularly construction and transport, have led to disturbances of flora and fauna. A small number of non-indigenous plant and animal species has become established, mostly on the northern Antarctic Peninsula and southern archipelagos of the Scotia Arc. There is little indication of recovery of overexploited fish stocks, and ramifications of fishing activity on bycatch species and the ecosystem could also be far-reaching. The Antarctic Treaty System and its instruments, in particular the Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources and the Environmental Protocol, provide a framework within which management of human activities take place. (modif. j. abstr.)
URL http://hdl.handle.net/10.1017/S0954102009001722
Publication Type journal article
Record ID 291814