Title Triggering of the Hinlopen/Yermak Megaslide in relation to paleoceanography and climate history of the continental margin north of Spitsbergen
Author Winkelmann, D.; Stein, R.
Author Affil Winkelmann, D., Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Federal Republic of Germany
Source Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems - G3, 8(6), Citation Q06018. Publisher: American Geophysical Union and The Geochemical Society, United States. ISSN: 1525-2027
Publication Date 2007
Notes In English. 61 refs. CRREL Acc. No: 64001423
Index Terms climatic change; glacial geology; ice sheets; landslides; ocean environments; marine deposits; mass movements (geology); polar regions; Quaternary deposits; sediments; slope stability; tectonics; Atlantic Ocean--North Atlantic; Polar Continental Shelf; Spitsbergen; Arctic Ocean-- Yermak Plateau; Arctic Ocean; Arctic region; Atlantic Ocean; Cenozoic; climate change; continental shelf; fault zones; faults; Hinlopen fault zone; Hinlopen-Yermak landslide; International Polar Year 2007-08; IPY 2007-08 Research Publications; marine environment; marine sediments; mass movements; North Atlantic; Quaternary; sea- level changes; Sophia Basin; submarine environment; Svalbard; upper Quaternary; Yermak Plateau
Abstract On the basis of the detailed sedimentological record of the key-core PS66/309-1 and a review of open literature, we present an assessment of the paleoenvironmental conditions as well as trigger mechanism of the Hinlopen/Yermak Megaslide north of Spitsbergen. The Svalbard archipelago is characterized by strong inflow of Atlantic water accompanied by rapidly falling sea level, rapidly growing Svalbard- Barents Sea-Ice Sheet, and associated increasing glaciotectonic activity during the time window around 30 calendar kyr B. P. of this catastrophic failure event. Thus the potential trigger mechanisms include sediment buoyancy and excess pore pressure, hydrate stability, and tectonic/glaciotectonic processes. While the common scenarios seem to fail to explain this unique submarine megaslide, we focus on glacial processes and their consequences for the regional tectonic framework. We conclude that the Hinlopen/Yermak Megaslide has been the consequence of the rapid onset of Late Weichselian glaciation resulting in a drastic sea level drop, asymmetrical ice loading, and a forebulge development leading to enhanced tectonic movements along the Hinlopen fault zone. As the final trigger we assume a strong earthquake positioned below or close to the SE Sophia Basin.
URL http://hdl.handle.net/10.1029/2006GC001485
Publication Type journal article
Record ID 296337